Locatedin the old railway neighborhood in the city of Mendoza, a low-densityresidential area, the Mart nez 3458 building is made up of four housing units,composed of two rooms each. The lot on which it is located is 9.5 meters wideby 28 meters deep.
Theproject is valuing every possible square meter, established by the lowoccupancy rates of the area (FOS and FOT). Taking full advantage of the lot,without neglecting the neighborhood scale in which it is incorporated, thebuilding was decided to be drawn from the municipal linerequired by the urban code. In this way, the main characteristic of the areawas respected, which is the “garden neighborhood”, leaving space forthe garages.
Thedesign premise was to solve four units with their own expansions, maintainingsome degree of independence and privacy in relation to the other units. Thus,there is a succession of private and shared courtyards, which enables crossventilation and good lighting.
Thisis mainly manifested in the winnowing, to take advantage ofnatural light and create privacy conditions. Large windows were used, in orderto expand the limits of each unit through visual extensions. Brick screens arealso placed in the openings to generate privacy between units, filter the lightand provide quality to the spaces, characterized by a feeling of shelter.
Curvedelements have been used as a resource that emphasizes the circulation. Itis used in the first wall of the entrance and is then repeated in the wallnext to the staircase. In the interiors, this resource is used to createdifferentiated spaces.
Theproject is materialized through the use of traditional constructionsystems and the most common materials. Common brick, bare concrete, wood,calcareous tiles, reconstituted granite exterior floors, make up the palette ofmaterials that avoid eccentricities and guarantee noble ageing with lowmaintenance costs.
Inparticular, the exposed brick has been worked in different ways to give textureand color to each exterior and interior space. Sifted walls, curves, portholes,function as compositional elements, allowing the mutation and the play of lightduring the course of the day.