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鸿彩快三彩票LANDPROCESS 泰國國立法政城市屋頂農場

Thammasat Urban Farming Rooftop泰國國立法政城市屋頂農場


氣候危機所帶來的糧食和水資源短缺對人類文明構成了巨大威脅女音。曼谷以及整個東南亞地區的城市要轻狂,曾是糧食資源十分豐富的農業社會地金丝,而現在卻成為了因城市化稻米產區從而失去管制的受害者方蹿去。農田變成了充斥著農藥毒素的工業化農場小白狗,生態系統被污染这项技,公眾健康和居民生活被徹底忽視掉成敌人。
Amidstthe climate crisis, food and water scarcity pose tremendous threats to humancivilization. Once abundant agrarian societies rich with food sources, Bangkokand cities across Southeast Asia have become victims of unregulatedurbanization on rice-producing regions. Agricultural lands have turned into pesticide-ladenindustrialized farms, polluting ecosystems with no regard for public health andpeople’s livelihood.


基于對空置著的236806平方米屋頂空間的再利用陌顾,景觀設計師為泰國國立法政大學提出了一個關于應對氣候危機的解決方案我要忍,並將這個構想付諸于實踐——建造一處亞洲最大的有機屋頂農場︰泰國國立法政城市屋頂農場(人造草坪)值更大。結合現代景觀建築特點和傳統梯田的農業獨創性恐怕没,這一片屋頂草坪為整座校園創造了一個極具包容性的循環經濟系統喝下最,它將可持續食品生產海滨、可再生能源次愣住、有機廢物次都、水資源循環以及公共空間等各個元素融于一體都毫。
Repurposing236,806 sq. ft. of wasted rooftop space, the landscape architect helpedThammasat University envision and implement a climate solution with Asia’slargest organic rooftop farm—Thammasat Urban Rooftop Farm (TURF). Integratingmodern landscape architecture with the agricultural ingenuity of traditionalrice terraces, TURF creates an inclusive circular economy for the campus,incorporating sustainable food production, renewable energy, organicwaste, water management and public space for all.


從閑置屋頂到人工梯田RICE TERRACES FROM AMOUNTAIN
受到東南亞山區傳統農業實踐所具備的獨創性的啟發逼迫她,景觀設計師將梯田的土方工程與現代綠色屋頂技術相結合;這一片236806平方的屋頂與傳統的混凝土屋頂相比血雨,層疊式結構減緩徑流的效率可提高20倍问题使。
Inspiredby the ingenuity of traditional agricultural practices on mountainous terrainsacross Southeast Asia, TURF’s landscape architect integrated the earthwork ofrice terraces with modern green roof technology. The 236,806 sq. ft. cascadingrooftop can slow down runoff up to 20 times more efficiently than aconventional concrete rooftop.


雨水沿著斜坡蜿蜒而下楼层,每一層草坪都從前面的單元收集徑流一刺激,形成獨特的微流域集群本王一,功能不限于沿著露台協助吸收像生气、過濾和淨化雨水级很高,同時為校園提供能夠種植食材的表面人哦。在這一段徑流旅程結束時车窗,將會抵達每一個徑流邊翼上靜候著的4座儲水池;它們的總容納水量可達30955570加侖但支撑,不僅顯著降低了場地流失的雨水量偷袭你,同時能夠預防可能會發生的洪旱災害福。設計師由此提出了這種解決方案︰在強風暴期間提前儲存足夠的徑流水t7台,以備未來的特殊時期使用名巅峰。
As rainwaterzigzags down the slopes, each level of TURF harvests runoff from the previouscell, forming unique clusters of micro-watersheds along the terrace to helpingabsorb, filter and purify rainwater while growing food for the campus. By theend of its journey, four retention ponds await on each wing, capable of holdingup to 3,095,570 gallons of water once combined. These ponds significantlyreduce the volume of stormwater leaving the site while mitigating unexpectedflood and drought disasters. They present a solution to storing excessiverunoff during intense storms for future use during dry spells.


通過在儲水池中對雨水進行回收再利用倒影,屋頂的人造草坪完成了出色的現場雨水管理雅贼,最大程度地減少了食品生產中的水資源浪費我考虑。太陽能泵將儲存的水向上推進從而實現屋頂上的植被灌溉;除此之外快去做,水稻和蔬菜種植園的多層階結構不僅豐富了土壤營養度心跳声,減緩了暴雨期間會造成的土壤流失可狂犀,亦可以有效防止被污染的徑流或是空氣中的微粒毒素度比同,進入排水系統和天然水體中些小伤。
Reusingrestoring water at four retention ponds, the TURF manages on-site watermanagement to minimize water footprint on food production. A solar-powered pumppushes stored water upward for roof irrigation. Furthermore, the cascadinglayers of rice and vegetable plantations enrich the soil’s nutrition, reducingthe amount of soil mass lost during heavy rainfall. This prevents pollutedrunoff as well as particulate airborne toxins from entering drainage systemsand natural water bodies.


從綠色屋頂到養育社區FEEDING PEOPLE FROM A SINGLEROOFTOP
時至今日青睐,城市化發展導致耕地面積的迅速消耗被冷,使食物來源進一步遠離了城市和消費者便介绍。預測到2050年最里面,全球80%的人口將居住在城市中远远吊。于是為了確保全球糧食安全间内,優先考慮人類和環境健康树苗,城市必須利用其浪費的空間實現更高效同時能可持續地生產糧食数二。
Today,urbanization has rapidly consumed agricultural lands, pushing food sourcesfurther away from cities and their consumers. By 2050, 80 percent of theworld’s population will live in cities. To ensure global food security, andprioritize human and environmental health, cities must utilize wasted urbanspaces to produce food efficiently and sustainably.


現如今出垃圾,泰國已成為世界上五大農藥進口國之一醒悟,由于集約化單作農業規模持續擴大但这两,對天然食物來源的搜尋需求急速增長备下床,同時越來越嚴重的致命化學有毒廢物彌留持均街,泰國國立法政城市屋頂農場項目決定將75,300平方英尺的廢棄混凝土屋頂替換為城市有機農場对玩,從而促進本地可持續農業發展哥最多,提高作物多樣性经说过,建立良性的小型農場系統点好处,最終實現供給營養的最大化改善尾掩映。
Today,Thailand ranks as one of the top five importers of pesticides in the world. Intensivemonocrop agriculture continues to expand, scouring natural food sources andleaving trails of deadly chemical toxic waste behind. By replacing 75,300 sq.ft. of what would have been another wasted concrete rooftop with an urbanorganic farm, the TURF promotes sustainable agriculture, crop diversity, smallfarm systems as well as improved nutrition.


而泰國國立法政城市屋頂農場的主要功能走出这,除了恢復城市生物多樣性鹤擒龙,應對即將到來的氣候危機队长原,它不僅為這里的人們提供了基本的食物太假,也為他們提供了更珍貴的養料;高達40多種可食用的食材種類初我刚,包括TU學者培育出的原始水稻中达、本地蔬菜地考验、草本植物大姨妈、果樹及其他焱暴怒,從耐水品種到抗旱品種應有盡有——每一種都完美地適應由光照算运气,屋頂的曲率度和水流所創造出的我失落,頗具當地特色的微氣候锤法。
Inaddition to restoring urban biodiversity and tackling forthcoming climateirregularities, the urban farm not only feeds people, but also nourishes them.A variety of 40 edible species—including an original rice strain bred by TUacademics, indigenous vegetables and herbs, fruit trees and more—range fromwater-tolerant to drought-resistant. Each is suited to the unique microclimatecreated by the sunlight exposure, curvature and water flow of the roof’selevation.


而在屋頂的人造草坪之下但神奇,是一家咖啡館她喝酒,亦可稱之為校園和公共社區的綠色食堂——從農場生產出的新鮮農產品將于此處被直接供應到人們的餐桌上调动大。人造草坪每年為社區提供高達20噸的有機食品量体,等量替換相當于一年13萬頓飯;餐廳極靠近人造草坪没尾,是這條從開始到結束主教徒,自始至終保證最小化浪費和二氧化碳排放的最简洁,可持續食品生產鏈條的重要節點洒自,以此完成整個系統的良性循環;而在一次循環結束時可别小,所有的有機廢物都將被回收自己生,作為天然的有機堆肥身边差,為下一個收獲季節的作物生長和成熟繼續做著重要貢獻象棋我。
BeneathTURF, a caf —a green canteen for the campus and community—serves fresh producefrom the farm right to the table. TURF provides up to 20 tons of organic foodto the community each year, equating to 130,000 meals annually. In closeproximity to TURF, the canteen completes the holistic and sustainable foodproduction system, reducing waste and CO2 emissions from start to finish. Bythe end of the cycle, all organic waste is recycled back as compost tofertilize crops for the next harvest.


從閑置屋頂到供能社區POWERING A COMMUNITY FROM ANUNUSED ROOFTOP
這所大學的綠色屋頂每小時可以產生50萬瓦(相當于2.5萬個電燈泡)的電力5881,它可以通過自給自足進行發電飞船我,從而完成對于整個農場的灌溉间流露,並為屋頂下面的建築提供充足的電力;佔總空間約16%宿主,覆蓋總面積達38,373平方米的太陽能電池板被放置于屋頂的南側她扬起,通過持續暴露在陽光之下魂师可,從而實現了最理想的循環能源發電效果地盘招。
Capableof producing up to 500,000 watts (an equivalent of 25,000 electric light bulbs)per hour, the University’s green roof can generate its own electricity toirrigate the urban farm and power the building beneath it. For optimal energygeneration, the 38,373 sq. ft. of solar panels—covering 16 percent of thespace—are placed on the roof's southern side for continuous exposure tosunlight.


隨著綠色能源和被動冷卻技術的出現没听出,該項目屋頂的人造草坪開始擺脫對化石燃料的依賴;通過對建築內外的空氣進行主動冷卻带她,減少了與空調相關的能源消耗以及由此產生的溫室氣體排放量算敏捷,提高了保溫性能——將整體建築的溫度保持在了最為舒適的水平最多都。
Withgreen power and passive cooling, TURF pivots away from reliance on fossilfuels. By cooling air both inside and outside the building, it reducesgreenhouse gas emissions from energy consumption related to air conditioningand also improves insulation to retain a cool temperature for building.


從層疊屋頂到聚集空間CASCADING ROOF AS PUBLICSPACE
通過嵌入傍山建築以及最大限度利用其傾斜面嫡系,可以說泰國國立法政城市屋頂農場里我,利用當地天然地形的層級結構薪,創建了一處多功能公共空間次迈开。斜坡上的12處獨立設計的功能區作橢圓構型的戶外教室之用点晕晕,而與此同時帮你起,分散在蜿蜒而上的樓梯旁的小型活動區骑马,則為人們提供更為緊密的社交空間大负担,和通往作物的快捷通道她真想。爬到山頂的游客可以在屋頂的人造草坪上乎刺入,俯瞰遼闊的天空之下都两年,是以城市農場作為中心向外延伸開去的360度曼谷全景寒碜。一個大型圓形劇場為游人們提供了一處更為便利铃铛球,更為靈活的娛樂和教育空間予最高。
Bycarving into the mountainous architecture and maximizing the use of theinclined surface, TURF utilizes every level of the terrain to createmulti-functional public spaces. Twelve individually designed areas on theslopes serve as oval-shaped outdoor classrooms, while small pockets dispersedalong the staircases provide intimate social spaces and access to the crops.TURF rewards those who climb to the top with a 360-degree panoramic view of theBangkok centered in an urban farm and under the open sky. A large amphitheaterprovides an accessible and flexible recreational and educational space for allvisitors.



當茂盛的綠色變成干枯的棕色令人叹,人造草坪是一個具有現實意義同時充滿希望的解決方案︰它讓現代城市居民回歸到祖先的古老農業耕作中去我去递。而景觀設計師便是受到這種當地獨創性的啟發隐匿,由此提出並實施了這一更具整體性的方法一边拉。經歷了幾代農民立刻听,他們從與他們一起生活的土地和水中學到了——城市屋頂農場中留存和呈現的扯一米,是泰國的獨特文化屈人,景觀和土壤的歷史一直悬,在建設未來的可持續城市的過程中宣晴,它當之無愧耗殆尽,是社區和城市建設者學習如何適應氣候挑戰的寶貴經驗要进去。
Aslush green turns to dry brown, TURF is a realistic, but hopeful solution thatputs modern urban dwellers back in tune with ancestral agricultural practices.The landscape architect implemented a holistic approach inspired by localingenuity. Carried on through several generations of farmers who learned fromthe land and water they lived with—TURF holds with it the history of Thaiculture, landscape and native soil, embedded as lessons to communities and citybuilders on how to adapt to and embrace climate challenges in building thesustainable cities of the future.

項目名稱︰泰國國立法政城市屋頂農場Thammasat Green Roof Farm
項目位置︰泰國國立法政大學Thammasat University,Rangsit Campus, Bangkok, Thailand
完成時間︰2019年12月
屋頂面積︰22,000 平方米
總體面積︰60,000 平方米
項目客戶︰泰國國立法政大學Thammasat University
景觀及屋頂綠化設計︰LANDPROCESS (Kotchakorn Voraakhom)
建築團隊︰Arsom Slip Institute ofthe Arts
結構工程︰PRE-BUILT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED
系統工程︰TPM ConsultantsCo., Ltd
攝影提供︰LANDPROCESS
承包商︰CM49


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